What Is a Handpan Scale? - Handpan Scales List & Guide (2023)

A ‘handpan scale’ refers to the collection of notes on a handpan instrument. ‘Handpan scales’ are usually partial expressions of a full musical scale, key, or mode.

This guide walks you through the ins and outs of handpan scales, covering details that include:

  • Handpan Scale Names

  • A Brief History of Handpan Scales

  • 11 Popular Handpan Scales

  • Understanding Music Scales to Grow Your Handpan Scale Knowledge

  • How to Get Expert Help Choosing a Handpan Scale

What Is a Handpan Scale? - Handpan Scales List & Guide (1)

Handpan Scale Names Explained

Handpan ‘scale names’ originate from their makers in two ways. Either as a poetic description, meant to convey the feeling and essence of each unique instrument or from traditional musical scales.

It’s possible to find handpans named after traditional musical scales like:

  • Major, as in the E Major Handpan

  • Minor, such as the B Minor Handpan and the E Minor Handpan

  • Akebono, like the Akebono Handpan

  • Raga Desh, including the C# Raga Desh

  • Pentatonic, such as the F Pentatonic Handpan

Other handpans are named after one of the seven musical modes, like the:

  • C Aeolian Handpan

  • Mixolydian handpan

Poetic names for handpans, like:

  • G Oxalis Handpan

  • C Golden Gate Handpan

A Brief History of Handpan Scales & Handpan Scale Names

In the early 2000s, there were only a few handpan builders in the world making instruments. During that time, those handpan makers exercised artistic naming conventions for their new instrument creations.

Handpans are limited in their space and the number of notes that can be built. And it’s these constraints that have dictated the following — most full musical scales do not fully fit on the instrument.

Furthermore, the simplicity of a curated,limited collection is (in our opinion) what makes handpans so fascinating and fun. In those early days of instrument building, most instruments were crafted with only 7 tonefields or 8 total notes. That is far less than we are used to seeing today!

Still,from the beginning, handpans were always built as partial expressions of a full musical scale key or mode.Since handpans were often incomplete in a traditional scale way, it was very natural for builders to ascribe their own names for various collections of notes. In fact, handpan scale names were:

  • Often chosen to convey the feeling or essence of each unique instrument

  • Sometimes chosen from personal inspirations

Today, many popular handpan scale names can be directly attributed to:

  • Pantheon Steel

  • Echo Sound Sculpture

  • PanArt

Kyle Cox, maker of the Halo, may have been one of the first to ascribe poetic names to handpans. Over the years, some of the more popular names from Pantheon Steel have included:

  • Aegan

  • La Sirena

  • Oxalis

  • Equinox

Ezhan, maker of Echo Sound Sculpture, along with PanArt, makers of the Hang, also originated many other popular handpan scale names, such as:

  • Pygmy

  • Integral

  • Sabye or SaByeD

  • Annaziska

Over time, more handpan makers have emerged, continuing the tradition of naming these percussion instruments after their collections of notes. Soon, the growing collection of handpan scales exploded. In fact, after cataloging many handpan scales over the years, we have documented well over 200 varieties of handpan scales and different handpan scale names since the instrument's inception.

From 2010 through today, there have been a few ‘sticky’ handpan scales that have been popular in the handpan community and with makers. Additionally, many handpanmakers continue in the footsteps of others when building requested instruments, embracing the identity and naming conventions that were created before them.Some of the largest contributors to handpan scale names have been:

  • Pantheon Steel, maker of the Halo handpan andcredited with using the term “handpan”

  • PanArt, maker of the Hang

With this history, it’s easy to see why the most popular handpan scales are constantly in flux. Still, there are some standout handpan scale varieties that have stood the test of time.

11 Popular Handpan Scales

Here are some of the most popular handpan scales. We’ve done our best to highlight the notable features of these scales including their origins. If you want to understand more about music theory, including some of the terms we mention, skip to the Understanding Music Scales to Grow Your Handpan Scale Knowledge section below.

  1. Celtic/Amara:

    The names Celtic & Amara are mostly used interchangeably. This is one of the most common handpan scales available today. Almost every handpan maker has a variation of the Celtic or Amara scale in their store. This scale has a minor tonality and reflects its origin from the historic Celtic scale which is in dorian mode. In dorian mode the 6th scale degree is raised but for the Celtic scale the 6th scale degree gets excluded. This presents you with a scale that has a minor feel which captivates listeners and is intuitive for beginner players. Excluding the 6th scale degree, this scale feels minor, & captivates listeners.

What Is a Handpan Scale? - Handpan Scales List & Guide (2)

D Celtic handpan scale: D/ A C D E F G A C or D/ A C D E F G A D

(Video) WHICH HANDPAN TO CHOOSE | 10 Things You Must Know Before Buying a HANDPAN

Name origin: Traditional Celtic music, Pantheon Steel, Echo Sound Sculpture

Scale origin: D natural minor scale, D E F G A Bb C

Other Celtic Variations

B/ B C# D E F# A B C#

C/ G Bb C D Eb F G C

E/ B D E F# G A B D

Eb/ Bb Db Eb F Gb Ab Bb Db

2. Kurd/Annaziska/Aeolian:

The names Kurd, Annaziska & Aeolian are often used interchangeably. They refer to a fully diatonic natural minor scale containing both minor and major chords, making it a popular choice for beginners to advanced players. With a complete minor scale you have a range of emotions to play with, and players can explore building haunting and beautiful melodies easily. These three names all have different origins.
Kurd -
This name comes from Arabic music tradition and is an Iraqian scale that has been adapted for handpan.
Annaziska - This name was created by the handpan community and it refers to that natural minor scale.
Aeolian - The ‘mode’ name for a natural minor scale. Was originally used in 14th century plainchant and is a modal scale to this day. It refers to the natural minor scale not in a modal sense for the handpan.

What Is a Handpan Scale? - Handpan Scales List & Guide (3)

D Kurd handpan scale: D/ A Bb C D E F G A

Name origin: Arabic music, SPB by Victor Levinson

Scale origin: Aeolian Mode, D E F G A Bb C D

Other Kurd Variations

C/ G Ab Bb C D Eb F G

C#/ G# A B C# D# E F# G#

3. Pygmy:

The Pygmy scale was one of the first handpan scales built and has remained as one of the most popular scales today. It is a form of pentatonic scale called Dorian pentatonic which consists of five different notes instead of the usual seven notes. This places the scale in a very unique place because it sits somewhere between a major and a minor scale. The pentatonic scale is arguably the most used scale in music as it has been found in almost all ancient and modern cultures around the world. Even if you think you don’t know it, watch this and sing along! Something about the pentatonic scale resonates in all of us. The Pygmy has that quality making it an intriguing, complex, and truly magical scale.The first G Pygmy handpan was built by PanArt. Subsequently, handpan makers built lower and lower scales as time went on. Building this scale with one lower center tone led to the development and use of the term ‘F Low Pygmy’. However, today this can be confusing, as handpan makers sometimes build this an entire octave lower, with center tones as deep as F2. Most used scale in music, the pentatonic scale resonates in all of us, making it intriguing, complex and magical feeling.

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F Pygmy handpan scale: F/ G Ab C Eb F G Ab C

Name origin: Panart

Scale origin: F minor Pentatonic Scale, F Ab Bb C Eb

Other Pygmy Variations

F2/ F G Ab C Eb F G Ab

G/ A Bb D F G A Bb D

B/ C# D F# A B C# D F#

C#/ F# G# A C# E F# G# A

4. Integral:

A natural minor scale variation, first made popular by PanArt with the Integral Hang®. In D minor, it is similar to the Celtic/Annaziska/Kurd scales we previously discussed. So what’s different about this minor scale? In this version of the natural minor scale the 4th scale degree, G, gets excluded. As one of the earliest scales this helps exemplify how beautiful and complex crafting a scale can be. By changing just one note you can evoke a whole different feel or vibe from the handpan and set of notes chosen. This is why there are many similar scales with only one or two note differences. Compare the D Kurd vs. D Celtic vs. D Integral - what difference do you hear?Excluding the fourth scale degree, this hexatonic variation exhibits a different character than others in the same key.

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D Integral handpan scale: D/A Bb C D E F A C

Name origin: Panart

Scale origin: D natural minor scale, D E F G A Bb C D

Other Integral Variations

D/ A Bb C D E F A

F/ C Db Eb F G Ab C Db

C#/ G# A B C# D# E G#

(Video) Introducing Handpan scales & chords: D Minor Tuning "Celtic" / "Amara"

5. Hijaz:

Handpans with Hijaz in their scale name have roots from the Arabic Maqamat.The Maqam Hijaz (scale system) consists of two scale fragments (or Jins in the Arabic tradition) which are 3-5 notes in length. The 2 here are Jins Hijaz and Jins Nahawand. On the handpan, the Romanian Hijaz is the most popular version, which turns the Hijaz scale into a Harmonic minor scale.

Different from a natural minor scale because it has a raised 7th scale degree. This raised 7th opens the possibility to a brilliant Major chord and completely changes the feel from a natural minor. This scale was another early handpan scale and has stayed on many makers' build list. The raised 7th gives you an Arabic and Middle Eastern feel which can help players achieve a more driving and exciting music experience. The Romanian Hijaz is unique in that it starts on the 4th scale degree of the Jins Hijaz. This means that an E Romanian Hijaz handpan is actually an E Harmonic minor scale that encompasses the Hijaz maqam in B. For example: an E Romanian Hijaz handpan is an E Harmonic minor scale that incorporates the Jins Hijaz + Jins Nahawand scale in B. This scale hasa dreamlike quality to it drawing listeners in like a mirage in the desert.

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E Romanian handpan scale: E/A B C D# E F# G B

Name origin: Middle Eastern music

Scale origin: Jins Hijaz + Jins Nahawand, B C D# E F# G A B

Other Hijaz Variations

A/ D E F G# A B C E

D/ G A Bb C# D E F A

F/ Bb C Db E F G Ab C

6. La Sirena:

The La Sirena scale was conceived at Pantheon Steel. Spanish for “the mermaid” this enchanting scale draws you in like a siren at sea. Evoking a charming and alluring feel this scale has been made popular by handpan player and performer Kabecao.This scale is a hexatonic scale in Dorian mode consisting of a minor 3rd and 7th but has a Major 6th. Very similar to the natural minor scale except for the raised 6th scale degree. Again changing just one note creates a whole new scale that offers a different feel from the closely similar scales. In dorian mode, a raised 6th scale degree and an omitted 4th creates an enchanting soundscape.

What Is a Handpan Scale? - Handpan Scales List & Guide (7)

E La Sirena handpan scale: E/ G B C# D E F# G B

Name origin: Pantheon Steel

Scale origin: Dorian mode scale, E F# G A B C# D E

Other La Sirena Variations

D/ F A B C D E F A

Eb/ Gb Bb C Db Eb F Gb Bb

F/ Ab C D Eb F G Ab C

7. Equinox:

This is another hexatonic minor scale envisioned by Pantheon Steel. Similar to the Integral, Kurd, and Aeolian scales. This scale excludes the 4th scale degree like the Integral scale but it starts with a minor 3rd between the center and first note. This really helps root the minor feel and rounds the scale out a little more. Once again having one note difference changes the overall feel of the instrument. Made popular by Pantheon this scale is widely available from makers worldwide.

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F Equinox handpan scale: E/ G B C D E F# G B

Name origin: Pantheon Steel

Scale origin: Minor Scale, E F# G A B C D

Other Equinox Variations

F/ Ab C Db Eb F G Ab C

F#/ A C# D E F# G# A C#

G/ Bb D Eb F G A Bb D

8. Mystic:

The Mystic scale is one of our best sellers at Isthmus Instruments. This scale starts low and ends higher on a minor 7th, which gives a dark and mysterious feel. It’s another hexatonic minor scale similar to Integral because they exclude the 4th scale degree. The difference between the two is the last note! The Mystic scale ends on the minor 7th which leaves some tension and mystery. This dark and mystical scale will surely take you on a journey as a player with much to explore.

What Is a Handpan Scale? - Handpan Scales List & Guide (9)

C# Mystic handpan scale: C#/ G# A C# D# E G# B

Name origin: Unknown but given for the character of the scale.

Scale origin: Hexatonic minor scale, C# D# E F# G# B

Other Mystic Variations

D/ A Bb D E F A C

E/ B C E F# G B D

Eb/ Bb B Eb F Gb Bb Db

(Video) Choosing a Rav Drum - Find the Best Scales for Beginners, Percussionists and Songwriters

9. Sabye:

The Sabye or SabyeD scale is a version of the Major scale. It was named by Ezahn at Echo Sound Sculptures. This is one of our favorite scales at Isthmus Instruments. Offering a number of great chords this happy and energetic scale is great for melodious playing. It is a sweet and compelling scale offering the player chords to underlie their melody. This heptatonic scale is a versatile chord builder, featuring a perfect fourth jump from the center to first tone.

What Is a Handpan Scale? - Handpan Scales List & Guide (10)

E Sabye handpan scale: E/ A B C# D# E F# G# B

Name origin: Echo Sound Sculpture

Scale origin: Major scale, E F# G# A B C# D# E

Other Sabye Variations

C/ F G A B C D E G

F/ Bb C D E F G A C

D/ G A B C# D E F# A

10. Jibuk:

A mixolydian scale, where the 7th scale degree is flat and the Ding is the 5th or dominant note of the key. Close to a major scale other than the flat 7th giving it a jazzy and lively feel. A more unique scale than most it is always interesting to have the Ding not be the tonal center and here we have the 5th. Having a sharpened or flattened 7th, the leading tone, also makes for a fascinating and exciting scale.

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F# Jibuk handpan scale: F#/ B C# D# E F# G# A B

Name origin: Panart or Pantheon Steel

Scale origin: Mixolydian mode scale, B C# D# E F# G# A B

Other Jibuk Variations

E/ A B C# D E F# G A

F/ Bb C D Eb F G Ab Bb

G/ C D E F G A Bb C

11. Akebono:

The Akebono scale is a pentatonic scale that comes from the Japanese diatonic scale In. The pentatonic scale that comes from In is called the Miyako-Bushi scale. This is used on traditional Japanese instruments like the Shamisen, which you might have seen in the movie Kubo and the Two Strings. This scale gives an alluring and mesmerizing feel. The intervals and relationships of the notes on this scale create a lot of dissonance, yet it can pair well with minor scales.

What Is a Handpan Scale? - Handpan Scales List & Guide (12)

F# Akebono handpan scale: F#/ B C# D F# G B C# D

Name origin: Japanese music

Scale origin: Pentatonic scale, F# G# A# C# D#

Other Akebono Variations

G/ C D Eb G Ab C D Eb

E/ A B C E F A B C

D/ G A Bb D Eb G A Bb

Understanding Music Scales to Grow Your Handpan Scale Knowledge

Let’s dive intosome basic music theory about scales, so you can better understand how different handpan scales work.

Music scales evoke different types of feelings and can be used in music to create moods or reflect emotions. In fact:

  • Scales are composed of notes.

  • Notes are sounds that are made when an object vibrates. When you pluck a guitar string or sing a note, you are creating vibrations that make sound.

  • These vibrations have different frequencies and designate a certain note.

In Western music, we have 12 different notes alphabetically labeled from A to G. Take a look at the keyboard image below. The black keys may seem confusing, but it's quite simple.

(Video) How To Choose Your Handpan Scale | Handpans | Novapans Handpans

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The notes that make up black keys are either called:

  • Sharp: Designated with a number or hashtag sign (#), sharps raise a note by one half step.

  • Flat: Labeled with a lowercase b, flats lower a note by one half step.

The symbol for sharp or flat always goes after the note letter.

Now, look all the way to the left and focus on notes C, C#/Db, D. The black key above C is called C#, but it's also below D so it’s also called Db. C# and Db are the same pitch but have different names which we call enharmonic in music.

Understanding Musical Keys & Key Signatures

The musical key you are playing in will determine which name you use for the note. Each musical key has different numbers of sharps and flats.You might have heard a musician ask another musician, “hey what key are we in?” They are trying to determine the key of the music they are playing, which will tell them which notes are sharp or flat. So, when they play their instrument they will play well with other musicians.

To familiarize yourself with the different sharps and flats in each key, you can look up the musical key signatures. Key signatures are the arrangement of sharps or flats placed in the beginning of a music score to indicate which notes are going to be played sharp or flat for that piece of music. Key signatures are something musicians memorize over time.

Now, if you start at C on the left and count twelve notes, you will land on B. And what comes after that? C — it starts over!

An octave is the distance from one note to the next same note either lower or higher. If you were to play these two C notes on a piano the one on the right would be higher in pitch while the left would be lower.

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Western Musical Scales

Common Western scales are a series of seven notes in a musical key. A scale that has a total of seven notes and consists of 5 whole steps and 2 half steps within one octave is called a diatonic scale. Diatonic scales are the foundation of Western music.

Scales consist of notes that are either a half step away or a whole step away from the previous note. Looking at the keyboard, a half step goes from one note to the one right next to it; C to C# is a half step.

For a whole step, you skip one note and go to the next. For example, C to D is a whole step because we skipped C#.

So if we look at one of the most common and simple scales, like C Major, we can see how it is made up of whole and half steps. C Major on the keyboard uses all white keys. C, D, E, F, G, A, B. Here is a picture of the whole and half steps consisting of a C Major scale.

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Now, we can also label these note letters as scale degrees, marked by a ^ above the number. So, in a C Major scale, C is scale degree 1 through B or scale degree 7.

These scale degrees all have a certain function within the scale, the most important of which are the:

  • Tonic: The first scale degree is the tonic, which gives the scale its tonal center. This is the note of the final resolution.

    Subdominant: The fourth scale degree is the subdominant. As its name implies, this is a lower dominant to the fifth scale degree.

  • Dominant: The dominant is the fifth scale degree. It’s second most important to the tonic.

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How Handpan Names Can Reflect Scale Degrees

It's important to understand scale degrees for this next part. Some of our handpans are named after musical modes like our ‘C Aeolian’ sound model.

Other handpans might not be named after a specific mode, but the notes that make up the handpan can be classified as one of the modal scales. Modes are a series of seven diatonic scales based on any Major scale.

If we take our C Major scale again — C, D, E, F, G, A, B — and use these same pitches, we can create seven more scales just by starting on a different scale degree! In fact, starting on:

  • Scale degree 1 or C is a C Major scale, but it’s also called C Ionian mode.

  • Scale degree 2 or D can be played in D Dorian mode, including D, E, F, G, A, B, C, D.

The list of modes with scale degrees is:

  1. Ionian

  2. Dorian

  3. Phrygian

  4. Lydian

  5. Mixolydian

  6. Aeolian

  7. Locrian

At Isthmus, we offer a C Aeolian handpan. Aeolian, also called the natural minor scale, is a scale starting on the 6th scale degree.

So, we have to work a little backward here. We have to find the Major scale that has C as the 6th scale degree. To do that, you need to understand all the Major musical keys.

While we have discussed music keys above, we did not go into specific key signatures. So, in what scale is C the 6th scale degree?

Well, counting backward starting on C, we land on note E. But in the key of E, Major C is sharp, C#. Based on our understanding of the different key signatures, we know that:

  • C is the 6th scale degree of Eb (E flat).

  • Eb Major has three flats in the scale: Bb, Eb, and Ab.

  • To play the ‘C Aeolian’ scale, we play an Eb Major scale starting on C.

Therefore our ‘C Aeolian’ scale is C, D, Eb, F, G, Ab, Bb.

We hope this explanation of music theory and handpan scales will help you understand the different names of handpan scales and exactly what they mean.

How to Get Expert Help Choosing a Handpan Scale

As fun as it can be to learn about the best handpan scales, you can easily get expert help and answers regarding how to choose a handpan scale by contacting us. Our small team of expert handpan makers and builders are ready to help, anytime!


Virginia Robinson


What scale are handpans in? ›

The most common scale

As already mentioned, about 70% of all handpans are tuned in D minor. Here we have the D Celtic Minor (also called D Amara) and the D Kurd Minor.

How do I choose a scale for my handpan? ›

All handpan scales pretty much fall into one of three categories:
  1. MAJOR: Does it sound happy, joyful or peaceful?
  2. MINOR: Does it sound sad, melancholic or tragic?
  3. FLAVORFUL: Does it sound exotic or ethnic? (e.g. Asian or Middle-Eastern)
Jul 20, 2021

What is the most common handpan scale? ›

The most popular handpan scale is the D minor handpan called D Kurd. These handpans commonly come in an 8+1 layout with the root note D at the center along with A-Bb-C-D-E-F-G-A notes on the tonefield. The scale has all the notes in the D minor scale and is pretty easy to play.

What is the lowest handpan scale? ›

The most common scales for a first instrument are:AmaRa (minor), Kurd (minor), Magic Voyage (minor), AnnaZiska (minor), Equinox (minor) and Pygmy (minor). The lowest center note (the ding) commonly found on these scales are: AmaRa: C # or D. Kurd: D.

What is the best handpan scale to play with other instruments? ›

If you mainly want to play together with other people, a "D minor" Handpan is recommended. Classical scales are "Kurd", "Amara" or "Celtic Minor", "Mystic". This key is very popular and widespread in Western Europe, which makes it easy to play together.

What are the sizes of handpan? ›

Traditionally, a Handpan has a diameter of about 53-56 centimeter. On the one hand, this makes the Handpan a relatively large, some might say sometimes unwieldy instrument. On the other hand, it is exactly this large sounding body that enables the typically pleasant and full sound.

How do you know what scale to read? ›

A scale is shown as a ratio, for example 1:100. A drawing at a scale of 1:100 means that the object is 100 times smaller than in real life scale 1:1. You could also say, 1 unit in the drawing is equal to 100 units in real life.

How do I know which scale is right? ›

Weigh yourself while holding an object.

Then, check to see if the weight goes up by the exact amount that you are holding. If it does, then the scale is accurate. For example, if you step on the scale and it says 145, then it should go up to 150 when you step on again while holding a 5 pound dumbbell.

What is the most popular scale? ›

Pentatonic (five-note) scales are used more widely than any other scale formation. In fact, Western art music is one of the few traditions in which pentatonic scales do not predominate.

How do you know if a handpan is good? ›

A good handpan is a handpan on which each note will have the same timbre, the same consistency, the same duration of sustain, the same stability and the same sound projection.

How much does a good handpan cost? ›

For a solid handpan with a standard number of notes (7-8) from a good maker: you should probably expect to pay no less than $1,000-$2,500 (new). For a 'top-shelf' make and/or for more notes: you're looking at around $3,000-$4,000 (new). For anything rare or custom: you can expect to pay more.

What scales did Grateful Dead use? ›

We're using the E mixolydian mode, a E major scale with a lowered 7th tone. Mixolydian is sometimes called the “dominant scale”, because it contains the notes of a dominant 7th chord, in this case E, G#, B, and D.

What is the hardest scale to play? ›

This is somewhat more challenging to play. So, what is the most difficult scale to play? Once you know all your scales, they are about equal in difficulty. However, there is one scale that presents challenges no other scales have, and that is the C major scale!

What is a Kurd scale? ›

The “Kurd” or “Annaziska” scale is basically a natural minor scale. The base tone is in the middle (Ding), the side starts with the fifth grade of the scale and goes up more than an octave (depends on the number of notes). The player can find all the chords that can be built on the grades of the natural minor scale.

How often do handpans need to be tuned? ›

All handpans will eventually go out of tune, just like a piano or a guitar, and need to be retuned. All Nirvana Handpans come with one FREE retune that I recommend customers use between 1-2 years from receiving their instrument.

Who is the most famous Handpan player? ›

Famous Hand Pan Players and their scales
  • Dante Bucchi – Fanfare. Dante Bucci. 15.3K subscribers. ...
  • Hang Massive – Once Again. Hang Massive. 589K subscribers. ...
  • Sam Maher – New York Handpan. BUSKRS. 45.1K subscribers. ...
  • Daniel Waples – Solo Hang Drum in a Tunnel. Daniel Waples. 132K subscribers. ...
  • Yuki Koshimoto. yuki koshimoto.
Mar 16, 2017

Are cheap handpans worth it? ›

Are there cheaper handpans? And are budget handpans worth it? The answer is YES. In my opinion, the Acolyte handpan made by Nirvana Handpan is currently among the best value for the price and it is available right here on this website.

Do handpans go out of tune? ›

Every handpan gets out of tune over time. As with any other instrument, this fact is not a reason to panic. With high-quality instruments, the tuning should last for several years with appropriate treatment and care.

What are the modes of handpan? ›

These are among the most common six-tone handpan scales:
  • Amara/Celtic Minor (dorian)
  • Blues (blues scale)
  • Equinox (minor)
  • Minor (minor)
  • La Sirena (dorian)
  • Mixolydian (mixolydian)
  • Mystic (minor)
  • YshaSavita (major)
Oct 28, 2019

What scale is integral handpan? ›

One of the most popular scale variations is called the “Integral” scale. It was first popularized by Panart on the Integral Hang® in 2007. It is a hexatonic variation of D Minor that omits the 4th scale degree. Panart considered it one of the most balanced variations possible on the Hang at the time.

What scale is 54mm? ›

A 54mm figure roughly equates to 1/35 scale (actually 1/34), but could be used for 1/32 scale, too. A 25mm figure passes as 1/72 scale.

What scale is 60mm? ›

Model scales
RatioMillimetres per foot
1:60.965.000 mm
1:605.080 mm
1:565.442 mm
1:555.644 mm
87 more rows

What scale do most musicians use? ›

Pentatonic (five-note) scales are used more widely than any other scale formation. In fact, Western art music is one of the few traditions in which pentatonic scales do not predominate.

What is the Kurd scale? ›

The Kurd is a complete diatonic minor scale, that's become famous thanks to one of the best players around, Sam Maher, who showed how the 9 notes version scale can be used to build a bass/drum line supporting a melodic section in his video shot in the New York City Subway.

How do you find the scale scale? ›

Divide the real life dimension of either length or width by that of the model. So, say the real life object had a length of 55m, and the model had a length of 50 cm, or 0.5m, then do 55/0.5. This is equal to 110.

What are scale sizes? ›

The "scale" of a model is it's size relative to the size of the "real" version. So compared to a 1:24 scale model, the real version is 24 times larger in size or 1:1 in scale. Example; In the pictures below... The model on top is "1:18 Scale", which means it is one eighteenth the size of the real thing.

How do you read scale size? ›

A scale is shown as a ratio, for example 1:100. A drawing at a scale of 1:100 means that the object is 100 times smaller than in real life scale 1:1. You could also say, 1 unit in the drawing is equal to 100 units in real life.

What oil do you use for handpan? ›

Good options are grapeseed oil and coconut oil. Some oils have been developed specifically for handpans, such as Phoenix Oil, Metal Sounds Oils or Isthmus Oil. Stainless steel handpans will generally not need as much attention paid to them to prevent rust.

How much does handpan tuning cost? ›

For standard handpan tuning on most instruments, the price is variable between $100-$150, depending on how far out of tune the instrument is. There are a number of handpans of which more work is required based on how it was built.

What is the best handpan material? ›

Stainless steel of the type AISI 430 is known for its long sustain and has been the most used stainless steel for handpans in recent years.

What does scale 1 20 mean? ›

For example, a scale of “one to twenty” means that one millimetre on a page represents twenty millimetres in real life.

What size is 1 100 scale? ›

A scale of 1 to 100 is indicated on a drawing using the code 1:100. This can be interpreted as follows: 1 centimetre (0.01 metre) measured with a ruler on the plan would need to be multiplied by 100 to give the actual size of 1 metre.

What size is 1 400 scale? ›

The size of a model depends on the aircraft type and the scale. You can calculate it by dividing the size of the real aircraft by the scale.
Model dimensions.
Airbus A380
1:20039.9 cm 15.71 inch
1:40018.2 cm 7.16 inch
20.0 cm 7.85 inch
1:50014.6 cm 5.73 inch
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